III. MIKA’s obligation for MKI’s debt
Wanting to subject MIKA to liability for MKI’s debt, Regions claims «de facto merger,» «mere continuation,» and «fraud» under Florida legislation. These comparable and sporadically overlapping claims ask in place whether a brand new company replaced an adult, debt-laden company. See, e.g., Lab Corp. of Am. v. Prof’l healing system, 813 therefore. 2d 266, 270 (Fla. fifth DCA). Success on any of these three claims entitles areas to get from MIKA the $1,505,145.93 judgment entered for areas and against MKI action.
Many times within the test, Marvin’s testimony advised a flouting of, or neglect for, the form that is corporate. Explaining the motion of income from 1 corporation he were able to another organization he handled, Marvin reported: «You make the funds from a single entity and you also put it where you require it to get, either if it is from your own individual account to your LLCs or the LLCs to your individual account.» (Tr. Trans. at 339) Marvin states into the breath that is next he «trues up at the conclusion of this 12 months,» nevertheless the documentary evidence belies the contention that Marvin «trued up» following the transfers to Kathryn and MIKA.
A. De facto merger
The Florida choices seem to need dissolution regarding the corporation that is first in the event that firm not runs. As an example, Amjad Munim, M.D., P.A. v. Azar, 648 So. 2d 145, 153-54 (Fla. 4th DCA), generally seems to reject a de merger that is facto because «the technical element dissolution associated with the predecessor business had not been founded,» also although the evidence advised that the very first business «essentially ceased operations.» Although inactive, MKI continues to be in presence, which under Florida legislation defeats the de facto merger claim.
B. Mere extension
If a business just continues another organization’s company under a various name but with similar ownership, assets, and workers (among other things), Florida legislation subjects the successor business to obligation for the former business’s financial obligation. See, e.g., Centimark Corp. v. A to Z Coatings & Sons, Inc., 288 Fed.Appx. 610 (applying Florida legislation and collecting decisions). In cases like this, Regions proved by (at minimum) a preponderance that MIKA merely proceeded MKI’s company under a guise that is new. Marvin handled the 2 organizations, which both run from Marvin’s individual office and transact the business that is same. (Doc. 162 at 36) As explained somewhere else in this purchase, MIKA received and deployed MKI’s assets, and Marvin owned both ongoing organizations through the IRA. The provided assets, workplace, administration, and ownership confirm areas’ claim that MIKA amounts up to a «mere extension» of MKI under a various title.
Finally, Regions requests a statement that MIKA is absolutely nothing a lot more than an effort that is»fraudulent by MKI to hinder areas’ tries to fulfill the judgment action. In line with the testimony plus the evidence talked about somewhere else in this purchase, areas proved that MIKA more likely than perhaps perhaps perhaps not quantities to an attempt that is fraudulent preclude areas’ gathering regarding the MKI judgment.
As explained throughout this purchase, the Kaplan parties’ conduct displays a protracted pattern of evasion that demonstrates the need for the injunction under Section 726.108(c)(1) against another disposition by MKI or MIKA of a pastime in 785 Holdings. MK Investing and MIK Advanta, LLC, should never move a pastime in 785 Holdings, LLC.
A legal remedy that forecloses the equitable remedy of an injunction if Kathryn, MKI, MIKA, or a Kaplan entity fraudulently transfers money to a third party, Regions can obtain a money judgment against the transferee. (Doc. 113 at 6)
At test, Marvin blamed their accountant, their attorneys, and their IRA custodian for supposedly paperwork that is erroneous largely supports areas’ claims. Often times, Marvin faulted Advanta when it comes to presumably inaccurate documents and reported that Advanta forced Marvin to generate MIKA and therefore Advanta created from entire fabric the valuations that Marvin verified, frequently under penalty of perjury. Centered on Marvin’s perplexing, implausible, and testimony that is often contradictory in line with the contemporaneous documents, that have been authorized as soon as the Kaplan events encountered online payday loans Mississippi no possibility of a bad judgment for the fraudulent transfer and which mostly refute the Kaplans’ assertions, we reject the Kaplan parties’ defenses and conclude that areas proved the fraudulent-transfer claims (excepting the claim in line with the IRA’s transfer to MIKA for the $214,711.30 and excepting the de merger that is facto in count fourteen).
The record reveals no reason to subject Marvin to liability for the Kaplan entities’ transfers or for MKI’s transfers to MIKA although Regions names Marvin as a defendant. Areas won a judgment action against MKI and also the Kaplan entities, maybe not against Marvin. Areas mentions purchase doubting the Kaplan events’ movement to dismiss, which purchase observes that the «predominant fat of authority holds that a plaintiff can sue the beneficiary of a self-directed IRA for the IRA’s so-called wrongdoing as the self-directed IRA just isn’t an independent legal entity from its owner.» (Doc. 79 at 3 (interior quotation omitted)) Although proper, the observation does not have application in this course of action because areas’ concession in footnote thirteen forecloses a fraudulent-transfer claim on the basis of the IRA’s transfer of cash to MIKA. The IRA owned devices of MKI and MIKA, but an IRA’s ownership of an LLC provides no foundation for subjecting the IRA beneficiary to obligation for a transfer that is fraudulent or through the LLC. ——–
The clerk is directed to enter individually the following judgments:
(1) Judgment for areas Bank and against Kathryn Kaplan into the level of $742,543.
(2) Judgment for areas Bank and against MIK Advanta, LLC, into the level of $1,505,145.93.
After entering judgment, the clerk must shut the actual situation.
PURCHASED in Tampa, Florida.